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Brothertown New York (Oneida lands)

Brothertown Marker, Oneida NY

The land encroachment problems that our Brothertown ancestors hoped they had left behind when moving from the East Coast, ultimately followed them to NY.  After 1775, the New York Legislature split our reservation in half; whites on one side and Brotherton on the other.  Unfortunately, this not only introduced many new problems, it also did not resolve the original issue of the encroachment of non-Indians on our lands.  It soon became evident that the Brothertown would once again need to find a new home and start over.

This section begins with our first home as a tribe in New York but continues with the trials of removing to Wisconsin and then explores our new reservation upon the shores of Lake Winnebago It also investigates the nearly 40 years of treaties and relocations we endured before arriving in our Wisconsin home.

** Note – while these links go to a variety of sources, they are publicly available open pages (Many can be downloaded while others may require you to register for “free” – i.e., Behind several links, we have created some of the publicly available information in pdf format for easier research and study. Information sources have been credited and the tribe maintains no ownership claims over this information.

Early Brothertown NY

Meanwhile Occom is based in New England, but continues to travel between Mohegan and Brothertown, NY

A Collection of Hymns by Samson Occom, title page credit Hathi Trust

Brothertown Migrations 

  • Indiana:
    • The journal of Thomas Dean Download – 1918 (credit: NY public library scan) (Abstract: Thomas Dean was born in Westchester County, New York in 1783, was the attorney and a respected and beloved agent to the Brotherton Indians. He left his home and family in New York an a mission t find new lands for the Brothertown Indians.)
    • White River Indiana article written by Caroline Andler (listing credit (Abstract: this paper covers the events of the movement from NY to Indiana, beginning in 1791 by the initial visit by Good Peter, the aged father of the faith among the Oneida, to the Miami Tribe. Ultimately viewing a large tract of land on White River, now in Indiana. It follows the events and speeches, writings and background narrative – through to the time of migration with the help of Thomas Dean who traveled with them in 1817).
    • Indian Affairs – Wobby Isaac – Abstract of Title – Yorktown Lot 19 (credit (Abstract; original scan of BIA documents on the deed agreement in Indiana.)
    • Anatomy of The1818Treatiesof St Marys – Olson By A. Andrew Olson III (listing credit (Abstract: In the fall of 1818 alone six separate treaties were completed with a number of Tribes at St. Marys, Ohio between the US Government and the Wyandot, Seneca, Shawnees and Ottawas, Wyandot, Potawatomi, the Wea, the Delaware, and the Miami. These treaties brought vast amounts of land under control of the US and by reference Ohio and Indiana, ushering in the dramatic settlement and expansion of Indiana in particular.)
  • Kansas:
  • Minnesota:
    • The Brothertown Indians in Minnesota: an article by Caroline Andler (listing credit (Abstract: This is the story of those who settled what was to be known as Whiteville, Minnesota, just west of today’s Long Prairie in Reynolds Township, Todd County. The story of the courageous Brothertown Indians who created a closely related community in the densely forested wilderness of Minnesota is one of perseverance and survival. From the east coast to New York, to Wisconsin, after the Civil War, many Brothertown families were on the move once again.)

The Brothertown Wisconsin Time period

Brothertown, WI (credit: from “Becoming Brothertown” by Craig N Cipolla