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New Article on Samson Occom and BIN hymn singing

Another fascinating article by Brad Dubos, a member of the board of Calumet and Cross, scholar, and a long-time friend of the Brothertown appeared in American Literature (Duke University Press).

Abstract: Brad’s article traces a long trajectory of hymnic placemaking within the Brothertown Indian Nation from the late eighteenth century to the present day. Since their tribe’s inception, Brothertown people have repurposed the forms and rituals of Christian hymnody in order to maintain connections to ancestral homelands, navigate and interpret unfamiliar terrain, and construct and shape tribal spaces. Samson Occom’s (Mohegan/Brothertown) A Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs; Intended for the Edification of Sincere Christians, of all Denominations (1774) cultivated this distinctive mode of placemaking within the Native community that formed at Brothertown, New York

Thank you, Brad, To read the extensive article on American Literature click here…

Just published – Samson Occom and the Brothertown Movement

New York Historical Society:Samson Occom and the Brothertown Movement: A Prologue to Acts of Faith” by Brad Dubos

Brad Dubos is a Public Humanities Fellow at the New York Historical Society, a Board Member of Calumet and Cross, and a well-known friend of the Brothertown Tribe.  Brad has been instrumental in the planning and coordination of many Brothertown historical activities including last October’s trip to New England and upstate New York in celebration of Samson Occom’s 300th Birthday.  

Brad’s well-written article is not only a wealth of knowledge and the history of our beginnings, which every member should know and reflect on.

Link to the article on NY Historical Society:

Thank you, Brad, for your continued support!

The Brothertown Indian Nation

Brothertown members, friends, and local residents stand on a hill with views of the original Brothertown tract. This property was the historic lot of David Fowler (Montaukett), another Brothertown cofounder and brother-in-law to Samson Occom.
Brothertown members, friends, and residents stand on a hill with views of the original Brothertown tract. This property was the historic lot of David Fowler (Montaukett), another Brothertown cofounder and brother-in-law to Samson Occom.

November 7: Eeyamquittoowauconnuck “Brothertown” Day – An important Milestone on our Journey to Restoration.

Happy Eeyamquittoowauconnuck (Brothertown day),  November 7th, 2023!

On October 20, 2019, the Brothertown Indian Nation Tribal Council passed a resolution officially making November 7th Eeyamquittoowauconnuck or Brothertown Day for the Tribe.

This Council resolution was followed up by Wisconsin Governor Tony Evers who issued a State Proclamation making November 7th, Eeyamquittoowauconnuck or Brothertown Day for the State of Wisconsin October 29th, 2020. The State of Wisconsin has had a history of honoring The Brothertown Indian Nation and their decades of contributions to the State of Wisconsin by naming October 1982 to October 1983 as “Year of the Brotherton”, by Governor Lee Dreyfus

**You can see the signed proclamations and other documents further down the page…. 

Proclamation by the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, Tony Evers Declaring November 7th as Eeyamquittoowaukonnuck (Brothertown) Day,

Take a moment to think about what the Tribe means to you, your family, our ancestors, and the Tribe’s future generations. Below are some links for some personal time for remembrance and to learn more about our tribe on this important date:

From the Brothertown Council, Peacemakers, Our Elders, and all our members from: Wisconsin, Minnesota, Pacific Northwest, and throughout North America.  It has been a long journey to arrive at who the Brothertown Indian Nation has become today in 2023.

Happy Eeyamquittoowauconnuck (Brothertown day),  November 7th, 2023!

Brothertown Council Resolution naming November 7th as Eeyamquittoowanconnuck (Brothertown) Day.

1982-3 Year of the Brotherton – the State of Wisconsin Proclamation by Governor Lee Dreyfus

BIN Homecoming 2023 is in the books

There were many of events and happenings occurring this year. If not able to be here in person, view the photos below to take part in spirit! The Homecoming annual event has become the main event bringing the Brothertown Tribal family together in spirit, closeness and celebrating together the meaning of the tribe.

It was especially sweet this year as it was celebrating Samson Occom’s 300th year of his birth.

For those not able to attend in-person below through photos are some of the memories in 2023. The events yesterday included: The Veterans and Dancers Grand Entry – accompanied by the ever supportive Gil Taa’se Singers and drumming.  Other events include the remembrance of the irreplaceable Linda Shady; for years the face of the Tribe at the Brothertown Office, the honoring, welcoming and introduction of new members introduced – the future of our tribe, native dancing, presentations, games for all ages.  It would not be a gathering without great food, excellent conversations and rekindling of family ties.

Enjoy the photos and we will be adding to this page. Anyone with photos/memories to share please send them to me at the webmaster at

Volunteers needed!

October is a very busy month and November and December following – it is about the busiest time of they year and the need for volunteers increases……

Help wanted! Calling all Brothertown Members.

Do you have a few hours you can give to your Nation?

  • The Brothertown Indian Nation is looking for help in the Kitchen for our bingo nights. Lots of options available! Bingo is a huge revenue for our people, and this is a great opportunity for you to give back
  • Mark the date, Homecoming is just around the Corner October 21, 2023 (3 to 4 weeks away). Help is needed in several areas as this event is one of the foundations of our tribe (held for 40 years and needs a considerable number of volunteers).

Call or reach out to Dawn: email the BIN office or the office phone: (920) 929-9964 to volunteer or for more information!

  • Other events in the immediate future include:
    • Homecoming – 10/21
    • Eeyamquittoowauconnuck/Brothertown Day – 11/7
    • Thanksgiving “special” Bingo
    • Special events for Restoration when they are announced – TBD
    • Christmas “special” Bingo
    • The huge New Years “special” Bingo
    • Bingo: all Tuesday’s and the 1st and 3rd Saturday every month

The Brothertown Calumet Cross is now in stock only on the Brothertown store!

A local Jeweler has expertly remade the molds of the original Cross and is now available for order on the Brothertown Indian Nation Store. All options are in the original sterling silver design.

  • There are a variety of Choices:
    • Small Calumet Cross (with and without 18-inch adjustable chain – Sterling Silver) – Traditionally for Women and youth
    • Large Calumet Cross (with or without 22-inch Chain- Sterling Silver) – unisex, usually men and women wearing on the outside.
    • New this time around – The Calumet Cross Pin (Sterling Silver)

**This is the original Calumet Cross © originally designed by Rudi Ottery in the 1980’s

View each of the options and pricing in more detail using the links below.  Use the appropriate product page for the desired Calumet Cross on our store (all in Sterling Silver):

Rebecca Pelky: Poetry With a Purpose

7News (Watertown, NY)

By Craig Thornton

Published: Sep. 14, 2023

At the Potsdam Public Library on Tuesday, September 26th “Poetry with Purpose” featured author Rebecca Pelky. Rebecca Pelky is a citizen of the Brothertown Indian Nation of Wisconsin. She holds a PhD from the University of Missouri, as well as an MFA in writing and a Bachelor of Science in zoology from Northern Michigan University. As an Assistant Professor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson University, she teaches film studies, literature, and creative writing.

Pelky’s second collection of poetry, Through a Red Place, won the 2021 Perugia Press Prize. Through a Red Place is a bilingual collection of poems, written in Mohegan and English, which responds to archival, historical, and field research to consider how Native and non-Native people have historically utilized the same land.

Read the full article here…

Celebrating the Return of the Brothertown Collection

Contributed by Kat Griffith with photos courtesy of Oneida Nation, Raven DeLange, and Dennis Gramentz.

What do brochures, hymns, land allotments, news clippings, lists of veterans of various wars, letters, postcards, tax deeds, warranties, claims against the US government, and a manuscript of a play about the Brothertown Indian Nation all have in common?

They were all part of the collection of over 1000 pages of historic items ceremonially presented to the Brothertown Nation on July 25, 2023. 

Oneida Chairman Tehassi Hill kicks off the Oneida Nation’s 200 Year Bicentennial Breakfast, where the Brothertown Collection was returned.

The collection of items was found by a man who inherited a farm near Brotherton. It seems he had an inkling of the stash’s worth; he offered to sell the items to the Brothertown for… wait for it… a million dollars! Needless to say, no deal was reached.

But there was a formidable and persistent Oneida and Brothertown woman — Loretta Metoxen — who took on the task of negotiating with the holder of the historical artifacts. She stayed in touch, she kept on talking, and when the items passed into other hands, she didn’t give up. She arranged for many Brothertown to see the collection, and eventually began working with Oneida member and scholar of Indian culture and history, Dr. Carol Cornelius, to ensure the collection was properly managed. Dr. Cornelius, speaking of how the Oneida came to secure the collection, memorialized the work of Loretta Metoxen saying, “We honor Loretta’s tenaciousness today!” 

Dr. Cornelius also shared a personal highlight: finding a reference to her own grandmother, of the Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohicans, in the materials!

Calico fabric, wampum beads, and tobacco that were gifted by the Brothertown Indian Nation to Oneida Nation as a thank you for stewardship of the Brothertown Collection.

Eventually, after years of negotiations with the person in possession of the materials, the Oneida Nation obtained the collection on behalf of the Brothertown Nation. Continuing the long tradition of close friendship and collaboration between the Tribes, they agreed to care for the materials until the Brothertown had a proper place to keep them. Meanwhile, they digitized the collection and prepared it for proper storage. 

Dr. Courtney Cottrell Gerzetich, Brothertown Tribal Historic Preservation Officer and Oneida Museum Registrar, preserved each individual piece in museum quality folders and boxes, scanned each item at high resolution, and cataloged each item. The process of cataloging documents the condition of each item, describes it, measures it, and identifies key features and places so that if the item were misplaced it could easily be reunited with the entire collection. 

Dr. Courtney Cottrell Gerzetich, Brothertown THPO, discussing the Brothertown Collection.

“I was laid off during the pandemic, and then my son was born. I ended up spending 400 volunteer hours on the collection — hopefully instilling in him from a very young age the importance of giving back to the community, especially during the tough times!”

On July 25, as part of the 200th anniversary celebration of the Oneida Nation in Wisconsin, the Oneida ceremonially transferred the collection to the Brothertown Tribal Council.

Brothertown Tribal Chair Phylis Tousey presented Oneida Chairman Tehassi Hill with calico, wampum, an original hand-carved eagle feather made by Brothertown artist Skip Blanc, and ceremonial heirloom tobacco from the Tribes’ shared homeland in New York. 

Brothertown Indian Nation Chair Phyllis Tousey presents Oneida Chairman Tehassi Hill with calico, wampum, and ceremonial heirloom tobacco as a demonstration of gratitude for Oneida’s stewardship of the Brothertown Collection.
Brothertown Indian Nation Councilmember Skip Blanc presents Oneida Chairman Tehassi Hill with a hand-carved eagle feather.

Raven DeLange, who coordinates social media for the BIN, provided the tobacco. “The seeds were gifted to me from another Brothertown Tribal member, who received them from our relatives on the East Coast. I was told they came from strains of seeds that go back over 500 years and pre-date Columbus’ arrival. I planted the seeds in my yard and harvested the tobacco myself. When I heard about this ceremony, it was really important to me to create something to give to the Oneida Tribe, as kind of a remembrance of my family. This was a once-in-a-lifetime kind of day!” 

Following the presentation of the gifts, Oneida Nation singer Kana Zacarias and a group of Oneida high school singers under the direction of Charlie Doxtator performed traditional songs.

Michelle Wood, BIN Treasurer and Tribal Council member, shared her thoughts about the day. “Attending the Oneida anniversary event and listening to the speakers sharing what was created in Wisconsin through the years was uplifting.  It was an honor to meet their council while sharing the history of our tribes’ collaborations.  We appreciate their assistance in storing our artifacts and the ceremonial exchange! I’m proud to be part of our current council and have participated in many activities sharing our traditions. My grandfather did not share his Indian heritage with those around him because we were looked down upon. I’m proud to remind my family of who we are and the great contributions our grandfather provided to his community.”

Brothertown Indian Nation Chair Phyllis Tousey addresses the crowd while members of the Brothertown Indian Nation’s Tribal Council and Oneida Nation’s Business Committee listen in.

In his final remarks on the Oneida’s history of struggle and resilience in Wisconsin, standing in front of a banner reading “A good mind — A good heart — A strong fire”, Oneida Nation member Bill Gollnick described the Oneida Nation’s decision to acquire and steward the materials for the Brothertown Nation. “It was an act of good heart and of good mind.” 

Brothertown Council Chair Phyllis Tousey offered final heartfelt thanks, “We will always talk about this; this day will never be forgotten.”

Governor Evers with Brothertown Indian Nation Chair Phyllis Tousey at the Oneida Nation’s 200 Year Bicentennial Celebration Breakfast.

The backstory: “Many hands have touched this archive”

Once upon a time near the town of Brotherton on the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago there was a man named Otto Heller. He owned a local cheese factory and was well-respected in the community. He was interested in helping the Brothertown Tribe assemble items from their history and tell their story for future generations. It was after the Civil War, and many Tribe members had items from the war: journals, soldiers’ letters home, tintypes, even a sword and scabbard. A number of Brothertown members loaned their pieces of history to Heller. 

When Heller died, many pieces were in his possession. Family members who came to clean out his house did not know what they were and tossed them into a dumpster. The man who inherited the house, recognizing that these old papers might have value, reportedly climbed into the dumpster to rescue them. Looking through them he realized that they were all items relating to Indians. He purchased safe deposit boxes and put them into storage away from possible harm.

He reached out first to the Oneida Nation. Loretta Metoxen, an enrolled member of the Oneida Nation with Brothertown ancestors, recognized that the items were mostly related to the Brothertown. She began inviting Brothertown members to accompany her to see the collection and make lists of what was there. Many Brothertown — particularly those whose surnames appeared in the collection — saw and handled items; some saw parts of the collection multiple times. Bob Fowler and Robert Fowler Sr., Reggie Doxtator, Caroline Andler, Phyllis Tousey, Jessica Ryan, and Darren Konke were among those closely involved in exploring the collection during that time.

As Jessica Ryan, Brothertown Vice Chair put it, “It’s powerful putting your hands on something that your fourth great grandfather touched and wrote. It’s hard to describe the emotions that get stirred.”

The BIN was working actively on restoring federal recognition, and realized that some of the items would help make the case for restoration. They arranged for a loan of certain materials for that purpose, with Ryan and Tousey drafting a legal Memorandum of Understanding with the man who had the items in his possession. Bob Fowler and Robert Fowler Sr. were also involved in this process, and they purchased a fireproof safe deposit box to store the materials safely  while they were in their possession for the restoration effort.

Eventually, Loretta Metoxen negotiated an agreement for the Oneida Nation to purchase the materials and hold them for the Brothertown. Ryan describes Loretta as “a well-respected and powerful woman within the community. She was very knowledgeable in tradition, history and custom. She had a lot of honor and integrity — if she shook your hand and said something, she meant it.”

Brothertown Vice-Chair Jessica Ryan with Jerry Walentoski, Loretta Metoxen, and Caroline Andler with items from the Brothertown Collection.

Based on the handshake agreements between the Oneida, the Brothertown, and the man who had possession of the artifacts, the Tribes planned a large ceremony for the transfer of the archive. Traditional gifts were given to the Oneida and many others involved, including the man who had had them in his possession for so many years. The gifts included traditional medicines, maple syrup harvested by BIN members, wild rice, blankets, and walking sticks carved by BIN members. Darren Kronke and Jessica Ryan told the story of the two Tribes’ interwoven history.

The Oneida received the materials into a climate-controlled facility for proper preservation. Loretta Metoxen and Reggie Doxtator (also an enrolled Oneida with Brothertown lineage) began the project of identifying and cataloging the materials. They invited Brothertown members to schedule appointments to view the collection, following proper preservation protocols for handling the items

During the next few years, Metoxen and Doxtator brought items from the collection to display at BIN events, and reported to the BIN leadership on the progress of organizing and preserving the collection. They came to the grand opening of the Community Center in Fond du Lac, the annual Homecoming, and a Pow Wow. The BIN continued to solicit donations from its members and to make small installment payments to the Oneida.  

Eventually, Courtney Coutrell Gerzetich, the Brothertown Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, picked up where prior efforts left off and spent hundreds of hours completing the work of cataloging and preserving the items in museum-quality sleeves. A sample of these were present at the July ceremony with the Oneida. 

Dawn Kraintz, Tribal Council member and Executive Coordinator, was part of a 2005 meeting where the Tribal Council had a chance to explore the collection, which was being held in a safe deposit box at a bank. “There was a court book, textbooks, a hymnal, letters from men at war, pictures — I saw a picture of my great-grandfather! It was emotional to touch that stuff. And when I went to the 200th Anniversary Celebration with the Oneida, it was like a full circle. Those things are coming back where they belong. It was so heartwarming that the Oneida were watching over us and helped us preserve our heritage.”

The actual physical transfer of the entire archive held by the Oneida took place at the August meeting of the Brothertown Tribal Council. 

Jessica Ryan says, “I really want to call out the people who helped us get to this point. There were lots and lots who played important and crucial roles — too many to name and I’m afraid I would leave some out if I tried to make a list!” 

You know who you are — and we hope you will come see the collection when you’re in the area! In the meantime, you can look forward to articles on some individual pieces in future newsletters!

Chairwoman Tousey Reflects on Legacy of Ada Deer

Our thoughts are with our Menominee relatives with the news that Ada Deer has walked on. Brothertown Indian Nation Chair Phyllis Tousey shared the following statement:

“The Brothertown Indian Nation pays tribute to Ada Deer, a true Menominee Warrior, who was not afraid to take on the impossible and who inspired all of us to do the very best we can for our Indian people no matter how difficult and to never quit even when the path ahead appears impossible.”

For additional information on Ada Deer’s impressive legacy below are a few articles to learn more…