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Month: July 2022

Request for Photos from Brothertown events!

If you have attended Tribal events and have photos we are asking members to please feel free to send them to the Website committee here…

These photos are invaluable to show the engagement and inclusiveness of the Brothertown Nation today. This will help in our attempt highlight our Tribe to visitors to our site in the restoration process.

Examples of current galleries we have put up include:

Photos we are lacking (any event from any year is also good), include:

  • Snow Snake Festival on Madeline Island (February 5, 2022)
  • PNW Gathering (July 24, 2022)
  • BIN Picnic (July 16, 2022)
  • Unity Bus visit to BINCC (July 8, 2022)
  • Any photos of the meeting with Oneida Tribe returning the Brothertown Archives (June 10, 2022)
  • Even roadside sponsored clean-up, cemetery clean-up even photos of Bingo events…
  • Additionally, we are looking for any event over the past few years…

A big thank you to all the Brothertown members for their support!

The Website committee

Call For Brothertown Nation Graduates 2022!

Calling for all 2022 Brothertown Indian Nation Graduates – please let us know as we are preparing our annual honor of all our Youth celebrating milestones in their educational accomplishments.

Remember, there was a time when our people could not obtain even a basic education or consider going on to a college education and so we do not take it lightly. The Tribe is proud of each and every one of you!

Please include a digital color Photo (and additional information: School, Town, State, Degree, et) and email here...

The Brothertown Indian YouTube channel continues to expand!

Two new playlists have been added to learn more about our tribe:

New Brothertown Indian videos to learn about our Tribal Family

Please take a moment to Subscribe to the BIN Channel to show your support for the tribe and these efforts

Additional videos which can be found on the BIN channel include:

Brothertown Indian Nation Memorializes Samson Occom on July 14, 2022 as the anniversary of his year of birth approaches 300 in 2023.

Samson Occom Day July 14, 2022

Credit: Dartmouth Library

*This is an updated reprint of Brothertown Member Dr. Faith Ottery’s release from 2021.

The Reverend Samson Occom, born as a member of the Mohegan nation near New London, CT in 1723, is an integral part of history and legacy of the Brothertown Indian Nation, head quartered in Fond du Lac. As the day of Occom’s birth in 1723 is not documented, his death on July 14, 1792, is celebrated as Samson Occom Day and was officially acclaimed as such by a Brothertown Indian Nation Council on June 20, 2020. Occom’s 300 commemoration of his birth will be recognized in 2023.

The early and lasting impact of Samson Occom’s has been broadly recognized beyond the scope of the Brothertowns (see resources below), with July 14 also recognized as the Day of Samson Occom, Witness to the Faith in New England in the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church.

Beyond the well-known history as one of the first and foremost English-speaking native missionaries in early New England, Occom:

  • Was one of the first Native Americans to publish his writings in English and the first Native American to write his autobiography.
  • Was critical to the founding of Dartmouth College, recognized by the Native American Alumni Association of Dartmouth College with erection of a memorial in 2019 on the site of Moor’s Charity School in Columbia, CT. This memorial is to commemorate and honor “Samson Occom for his contributions to the education of Native Americans and the founding of Dartmouth College.”
  • Is recognized by named locations throughout New England, especially New Hampshire and Connecticut
  • Has been honored with named recognitions such as the following:
    • The Endowed Samson Occom Professor of Native American Studies at Dartmouth
    • The Endowed Samson Occom Legacy Award for American Indian and Native medical students at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
    • World War II, United States Liberty Ship SS Samson Occom

The academic interest continues to be recognized, e.g., as with the Occom Circle Project, Dartmouth College

Join us in learning more about Samson Occom to celebrate his life and influence and the history and influence of Brothertown Indian Nation (some of these listings below link to additional information)

Below are several resources that you may find of interest in learning more about Sampson Occom and that Below are several resources that you may find of interest in learning more about Sampson Occom and that document Brothertown presence and history over more than 3 centuries. All can be located online for download (see select hyperlinks), and many are available the Brothertown Store or through any number of book sellers. To add to this listing or if you need help in locating a resource, contact

Samson Occom

Credit: by Nathaniel Smibert
  1. A Short Narrative of My Life. Rev. Samson Occom 1768 and Sermon: Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans VI. 23 published 1772; in Early American Writings ed. Carla Mulford 2002
  2. Sampson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England . W. DeLoss Love 1899
  3. A man called Sampson: The Ancestry and Progeny of Sampson, a Mashantucket Pequot Indian, Born in What is Now New London County, Connecticut, including Brief Descriptions of Family Connections to other Historic Native American Family Groups, the Ancient Pequot Tribe, the Pequot War, the Brothertown Tribe of New York, and the Brothertown tribe of Wisconsin. Will and Rudi Ottery 1989
  4. The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan: Literature and Leadership in Eighteenth-Century Native American Samson Occom (Author), Joanna Brooks (Editor), Robert Warrior (Foreword) 2006

For those who like or prefer audio resources: “The Betrayal of Samson Occom” from the Public’s Radio program website:

Brothertown Indian Nation Books:

  1. Indian Nations of Wisconsin: Histories of Endurance and Renewal Patty Loew 2013
  2. Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World Craig N. Cipolla 2013
  3. Letters Home from the Brothertown “Boys” [a remarkable volume of handwritten and transcribed letters home from Brothertown Indian men who fought in the Civil War] Andrea R. Brucker and Caroline K Andler 2011
  4. Red Brethren: The Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians and the Problem of Race in Early America. David J. Silverman 2010
  5. The Brothertown Nation of Indians Land Ownership and Nationalism in Early America 1740-1840 Brad D.E. Jarvis 2010
  6. History of the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin Ronald H. Lambert Sr. 2010

Brothertown Warriors Who Fought For Freedom – American Revolution

A history of our ancestors….

Image Credit: “Change of Seasons” by Bryant White. (White Historic Art,

While the Patriots had relatively little success in counteracting these British alliances with many of the Indian nations, most notably the Iroquois and Cherokee, they were successful in attaining their own allies.

The first official commitment to employing Native Americans by Congress was on May 25, 1776, when it resolved “That the Commander in Chief be authorized and instructed to employ in the Continental Armies a number of Indians not exceeding _______” (the number to be employed was agreed upon in June 1776 when Congress set the number “not exceeding two thousand men”). Following the call for allies, Congress relied upon the “New England Indians, [who] supported their colonial neighbors,” such as the Penobscot, Nova Scotia, Mashantucket, Pequot, Brotherton, and St. Johns.  On July 8, 1776, Congress resolved that Washington had permission “to call to our Aid so many of…” these New England Indians. (Passage taken from “‘Rebels and Indians’: The Participation of and Relationship between Native Americans and the American Patriots during the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 – by Bryan Rindfleisch, 2007)

An Important occurrence of Brothertown history happened in February of 1776 in a letter from George Washington to Joseph Johnson.  Taken from the National Archives, the letter begins:


I am very much pleased to find by the Strong recommendations you produce, that we have amongst our Brothers of the Six Nations a person who can explain to them, the Sense of their Brothers, on the dispute between us and the Ministers of Great Britain; you have seen a part of our Strength, and can inform our Brothers, that we can withstand all the force, which those who want to rob us of our Lands and our Houses, can send against usYou can read the entire correspondence here…

Take a moment this 4th of July to remember our Brothertown ancestors who helped create and forge this new nation with their sacrifice,

The known names of our ancestors include (Their names have been proudly placed on our Veteran Memorial Wall (view here…):

The Revolutionary War (1775-1783):

  1. John Adams
  2. Samuel Adams
  3. Solomon Adams
  4. Timothy Brushel
  5. Andrew Currycomb
  6. Christopher Harry
  7. Joseph Johnson
  8. Daniel Mossuck
  9. James Niles
  10. Thomas Occom
  11. David Occom
  12. Thomas Patchauker
  13. John Paul
  14. Abraham Simons
  15. Emanuel Simons
  16. James Simons
  17. John Skeesuck
  18. Benjamin Toucee
  19. Roger Wauby

“We Keep a Fire For the Dead”

“Nuwacônumumun yoht wáci napukak”

We keep a fire for the dead whose spirits walk before us

Who, shoes exchanged for eagle’s wings, now sing angelic chorus

Though they no longer walk the land in Brothertown today

Our hearts remain forevermore where’er our brethren lay

~Brothertown Citizen

A Message from Phyllis Tousey, BIN’s New Chairwoman

Greeting relatives,
I am honored to be elected Chair of the Brothertown Indian Nation. I pledge to do my very best to address the important issues facing the Tribe at this time including restoration. I want to share a little of my personal background and history and how my previous experiences will benefit the Tribe.

In my family being an Indian was a big deal and something we were always proud of. My Dad, Phil Tousey, went to the Indian Boarding school at Red Springs, near Gresham Wisconsin, when he was 5 years old. I grew up in Beaver Dam, WI and I remember as a kid we would often go “up north” and attend church at the old mission at Red Springs. My Dad and his brothers really rocked that little church. I can still hear them singing.

My Mother was not native but always supported my Dad and his commitment to the Tribe. My parents
got married in Fond du Lac, WI rather than in my mother’s home state of North Carolina because at that
time inter-racial marriage was illegal. Like many other families in our tribe my parents worked on
recognition together, my Mother on various committees and Dad on the Tribal Council as Vice-
Chairman. My parents worked on the historical exhibit that traveled around the state in 1982, as part of
the events celebrating the 150 th anniversary of the Brothertown Indians in Wisconsin. I was working at
Mount Senario College in those days and asked my boss, the college president, Dr. Robert Powless from
Oneida to be one of the speakers at the capital celebration for the Year of the Brothertown.
The re-recognition effort started in 1978 when the federal government established the recognition
process later renamed Federal Acknowledgement and was for me the beginning of my working on the
issue of recognition. During that time I was working in Indian education at the college level. Education
has always been important to the Brothertown people and my experience providing educational
opportunities to Indian students will help strengthen the Tribe’s educational outreach to the public as
well as to tribal members. Promoting the history, culture and contributions of the Brothertown Indians
to the broader community is extremely important.

For many years I was the co-owner of several family Businesses: specifically Car Washes, Fireworks
Sales, retail Swimming Pools and Spas sales and construction. Running a business is a real learning
experience as some of you may have already learned. Financial management is an essential part of the
Tribe’s continued success and impacts future grant opportunities, land acquisition and after restoration
the management of funds coming from the federal government to a federally recognized tribe. I’ve
dealt with many different kinds of financial issues as a program manager, a business owner, and a
partner in an Indian law firm.

I have had a wide range of experiences over the past 25 years involving Indian child welfare cases,
criminal defendants in tribal, state and federal court, Indian tribes and tribal agencies. These
experiences have helped prepare me to be the leader of the Brothertown Indian Nation at this
important time in history. I thank you for support and with your help we will build a stronger Indian
Nation and achieve restoration.